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What is a Cleft Palate?
Palatal closure operations are performed to treat palatal defect in patients with cleft palates. There are many different types of cleft palates such as isolated bone cleft palate, soft palate or soft and bone cleft palate. In many cases, the jaw and lips are also affected causing cleft lip and cleft jaw. Treatments for these conditions calls for the co-operation of a team cross-functional experts usually comprising maxillo facial surgeons, pediatricians, dentists, orthodontists, ENT specialists, speech therapists, psychologists and human geneticists. The aim of the palate closure operation is the closure of the cleft related connection between the oral cavity and nasal pharynx. In the case of isolated bone cleft palate, the mouth is kept open using special instruments and the gum is closed after anesthesia has been administered to the patient. Firstly the nasal mucosa is mobilized and closed using sutures. Then, the palatal mucosa is mobilized over the cleft and then brought together and sutured. The only known alternative to the palatal closure operation is the life long placement of a dental plate similar to prosthesis. Correction of palatal defect facilitates easier speaking and eating for the patient. At the same time, Palatal closure can occasionally lead to infections of the middle ear, respiratory system. Watch this video to see different types of cleft palates and understand how a palatal closure operation is performed. LIVE OPERATION Palate Closure.
Produced: 03/2011