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What is Caries?
Dental Caries (Cavity), which is a Latin term for decay, is a bacterial disease involving teeth. Numerous bacteria are present in human bodies. When the host is damaged by bacterial dominance, the bacteria are called pathogens. There are a number of bacteria in our oral cavities. Some live in essential niches and prevent other aggressive forms from settling in, while others simply live alongside us. This means that humans have symbiotic as well as commensal bacteria in their oral cavities.
Caries develops when certain factors come together, the most important ones being certain host factors, plaque, and time. Host factors encompass all the factors related to the host, such as tooth anatomy, saliva composition, and cleaning habits. The formation of mature plaque usually takes about 24 hours, which is originally the time taken by commensal and symbiotic bacteria to become pathogenic. Disorganized mouth bacteria are not harmful. Only mature plaque can cause caries and periodontitis. Therefore, it is very important to remove plaque efficiently with the help of a toothbrush, dental water jets, and floss. By doing so, the bacteria are deprived of their habitat. Without a suitable habitat, they cannot cause any more harm. An early sign of Caries are enamel decalcification. They should be distinguished from white spots. A patient experiencing dental cavities may not be aware of it at first, since pain only appears when the infection gets to the dental root.
The treatment for Caries is usually removing the caries and Dental Filling Placement. Do you need more Information on how to prevent caries? Watch this video to find out.
Produced: 11/2012
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