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Craniomandibular Dysfunction
The medical term craniomandibular dysfunction (CMD), also known as temporomandibular joint disorders (TMJ) is used to refer to pain in the joints, jaw, or other facial areas as well as the cracking in the jaw. Temporomandibular joint disorders are common in adults; as many as one third of adults report having one or more symptoms, which include jaw or neck pain, headache, and clicking or grating within the joint. Most symptoms improve without treatment, but various noninvasive therapies may reduce pain for patients who have not experienced relief from self-care therapies.
There is no precise definition available for this condition and the term CMD, or TMJ is used whenever there is a case of facial or dental discomfort. Medical practitioners, however, seem to have a functional definition of the term, in which, any deviation of the actual jaw joint or movement from an articulator is referred to as craniomandibular dysfunction. Irrespective of the fact, if the patient is experiencing any discomfort or not. An articulator is a dental device used to simulate the chewing movement of the jaws and it is erroneous to believe that any deviation of the actual jaw from this apparatus would be considered as an anomaly or dysfunction. Physical therapy modalities (e.g., iontophoresis, phonophoresis), psychological therapies (e.g., cognitive behavior therapy), relaxation techniques, and complementary therapies (e.g., acupuncture, hypnosis) are all used for the treatment of temporomandibular joint disorders; however, no therapies have been shown to be uniformly superior for the treatment of pain or oral dysfunction. In some cases, the patient does experience a cracking of the jaw, but unless and until this cracking of the jaw is accompanied by pain or discomfort or difficulty in opening of the jaw or any other movement, it should not be termed and treated as craniomandibular dysfunction or TMJ.
However, one should immediately visit a dentist, if there is a change in the jaw movement from one day to the next. To know more details about craniomandibular dysfunction or TMJ and understand the symptoms better, please watch the video.
Produced: 04/2011
Thank u dr could u give some more information about articulator which stimulates movement of jaw? Is it a different kind if articulator? Because to my extend if information we articulator is only for casts
Posted: 9 years ago