What is Periodontitis?

Parodontose ist die falsche Bezeichnung für Parodontitisbelsky


Periodontitis is an inflammatory disease affecting the periodontium.

In the past, it was often identified by the misnomer “paradontosis”. Its main cause is dental plaque. Plaque consists of foods scraps, special components of saliva, and – most of all – bacteria. These bacteria release acids that damage the dental enamel (caries) and lead to inflammation damage to the gums and the periodontal apparatus.

What Happens in Periodontitis?

The bacteria products initially lead to inflammation of the gums (gingivitis), which gradually spreads towards the periodontium. This process leads to the development of a gingival pocket. When this process spreads to the osseous part of the periodontium, a bone pocket may develop. In turn, more plaque gets deposited in these pockets and thus the process progresses inexorably towards the root end of the tooth. The tooth then becomes loose.

What Does Periodontitis Look Like?

  • The gums become red and swollen
  • Spontaneous bleeding, pain, and bad breath
  • Release of pus from the pockets
  • Exposure of the dental necks
  • Loosening of the teeth and, finally, loss of teeth

How Is a Periodontitis Treated?

Deeply set plaque is removed with special instruments and the surface of the root is smoothened so that the periodontium reattaches to the tooth. If it is unavoidable, the pockets can also be removed through surgery. In certain cases, teeth must be extracted as well. The objective is to stop the disease.

Click here to see the video: Periodontitis Treatment

This post is also available in: German

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