What is Gum Recession in Dentistry All About?

Gum Recessionbelsky

Gum Recession

Recession, or gum recession to be more exact, refers to a decline in the gums.

As opposed to gum recession caused by periodontosis, gum reduction resulting from recession is not caused by inflammation. There are many causes of recession. If the recession occurs locally (only on one tooth), the cause is usually a tooth misalignment, as can be seen here with an incisor. If the tooth breaks the jaw ridge in the middle as it should, a sufficiently thick layer of bone and gum remains on the outside of the tooth; sufficient blood circulation is possible.

If the tooth breaks too far from the tooth center (towards the lips or cheeks), the bone in this area will be thinner than usual and this will also lead to decreased blood circulation. Strain on the tooth due to the biting process (the red arrow in the animation), in addition to compression of the tooth socket can also result in sub-optimal blood circulation.

Sub-optimal blood circulation always results in decreased nutrient supply to the associated anatomic area, which then leads to bone and gum reduction, also known as recession. If recession occurs on numerous teeth, the cause is usually an incorrect cleaning technique. Besides increased sensitivity (cold and warm reaction), the tooth necks also have an increased risk for caries and treatment is absolutely necessary.

Treatment should not just include tissue thickening on the outside to secure blood circulation in the tissue; co-factors such as tooth misalignment and incorrect cleaning methods also have to be addressed and corrected. More about that in the video entitled "Recession Treatment".

Click here to see the video: Recession

This post is also available in: German

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