What is a Dental Hybrid Prosthesis?

Hybrid Zahnprothesebelsky

Hybrid Zahnprothese

Hybrid prosthesis is the name for a detachable denture in dentistry.

The hybrid prosthesis is similar to the total prosthesis in terms of looks, but the hybrid prosthesis is anchored on the teeth and implants. In general, there is a distinction between two prosthetic methods, which are characterized depending on how the chewing motions are transmitted. If the chewing pressure is directed into your bone (the jaw), these is called a bone-supported prosthesis. If the chewing pressure is transmitted into your mucosa, these are called mucosa-supported prosthesis. Hybrid prosthesis can be both mucosa and bone-supported.

As a rule, a mucosa-supported prosthesis requires only two anchor elements per jaw. This significantly increases stability and the need for a plastic palate in the upper jaw is avoided. There are many taste receptors on the palate; thus, this method can increase your quality of life considerably. Whether two or more anchor elements must be used depends on your remaining teeth and the implant system. However, the hybrid prosthesis does not have to touch the mucosa; in this case, it is known as a bone-supported hybrid prosthesis. In a bone-supported hybrid prosthesis, the chewing energy is usually transmitted into the bone via implants.

This concept requires at least four implants in the lower jaw and four to six implants in the upper jaw, depending on the using implant system. The advantage of this method is vastly improved chew quality. Biting into an apple is possible and you are spared from pressure spots and the underfeeding that can result. The only disadvantages are higher costs. In earlier days, “steg supported” prosthesis were often used, the counter element is incorporated into the prosthesis. Because of contemporary connector elements (Konus connections) which are much cheaper, the expensive steg connection is rarely necessary anymore.

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