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Statistics refers to the analytical summary of certain mathematical methods, experiences and studies that have either been perceived through the senses or specifically observed. The knowledge of Statistics and the consequent interpretation of data play a very significant role in evidence based medicine, because in this along with the actual data, the manner in which the data is being interpreted is also considered. Unfortunately, a number of modern medical research studies is not being considered under aegis of evidence-based medicine and is resulting in a lot of misrepresentations of the medical research. With the help of two case studies, the above animation video tries to explain the importance of statistics or the specific and correct analysis of relevant data. The first example is that of a city mayor, whose lack of knowledge of statistics makes him order the construction of an expensive new hospital in the city, which was a completely avoidable expense. The second example is that of a well-known scandal of 1990, in which a well-known pharmaceutical company played down the side effects of one of its antidepressant, Prozac (used in the treatment of depression), which increased the levels of serotonin in the brain. The company had the drug tested on only 286 people and had manipulated the statistics to claim that they had tested on 11000 people. Watch the video to learn of these two examples in greater detail and understand how statistics and statistical data can be interpreted and misinterpreted at the same time.
Produced: 02/2011