Gum and mucosa tissue transplantation
Gum or mucosa transplantation describes the procedure where pieces of mucosa, usually taken from the gum, are "planted" onto another part of the mouth.
Connective tissue and mucosa tissue transplantations are used in dental medicine to treat gum tissue deficits especially in those areas connected with aesthetics.
In contrast to a mucosa transplant connective tissue transplantation also includes transplanting the subcutaneous connective tissue. The animation on the right shows a mucosa transplant and the animation on the left a connective tissue transplant.
The volume of the connective tissue transplant remains stable after the transplant and does not shrink. Therefore, it is commonly used to fill out areas with thin or little gum tissue. The typical indications are:
- Root exposure after recession (gum tissue recession) – more information can be found in the video of the same name
- Filling out and forming of jaw area which have deteriorated while also providing an aesthetic treatment – More information in the video aesthetic dentistry
- During a vestibule plasty which is used to increase the size of the oral vestibule
Generally speaking, connective tissue or mucosa transplantation makes sense when the cause of the tissue damage has been treated in advance. If tooth misalignment is the cause then corrective treatment should be carried out using a brace. If the cause of the damage is not treated then the transplant will only be effective for a short time, more information is available in the recession coverage video.
Often exposed dental implants are only "covered" with a connective tissue transplant for a short time and the cause for gum recession is often the implant/abutment contact – More information is available in the related video.
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