Orthodontics and Orthopedics in Dentistry
Orthodontics is the field of science that deals with the alignment of teeth and jaws, as well as with tooth movement.
The position of our teeth within the jaw depends on many factors. These include: The size of the jaw, the strength and the shape of the periodontal musculature and the teeth themselves. Thus, for example, the lower teeth in patients with a large tongue are positioned further out and a cross-bite can be the result. In patients with strong masticatory muscles and a wide jaw, a so-called edge-to-edge bite may result. In individuals who lost their baby teeth early due to caries, jaw growth may be slowed down, resulting in crowding of the adult teeth. Optimal teeth development is supposed to achieve two things:
- firstly, an attractive aesthetic look,
- and secondly, damage to the teeth and the masticatory apparatus should be prevented.
The extent to which a malocclusion can potentially cause damage to the teeth needs to be determined by an orthodontist. If the flaw is merely aesthetic, orthodontic treatment might not be absolutely necessary. We distinguish between fixed braces and removable braces; more on that in the video entitled "Brackets". Most malocclusions should be corrected within a period of one, two or three years at most. Waiting any longer than that either points towards practitioner inexperience, or the practitioner’s desire to make a little bit of extra money. This latter suspicion is usually confirmed if the practitioner asks to be paid by the year rather than by the treatment. Before treatment with braces is carried out, all “ground work” should be completed. Please watch the videos:
A reputable orthodontist will make you aware of this fact. If he doesn’t, we recommend that you get a second opinion. After treatment has been concluded, a retainer is sometimes used in order to prevent any possible reverse movements of the teeth, especially if the eruption of the teeth led to a malocclusion as described by the so-called Angle-Class I – more on that in the video entitled "Tooth Aligner".
This post is also available in: GermanGoogle+